The pioneering agreement reached in 2015 aims to limit global warming to a level “well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial temperatures. But in June 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States – the world`s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases – would pull out of the agreement. The rejection of the agreement has been repressed by other world leaders and climate experts. Mrs Merkel, Mr Macron and Gentiloni, from Germany, France and Italy, issued a joint statement: “We believe that the dynamics created in Paris in December 2015 are irreversible and that we firmly believe that the Paris Agreement cannot be renegotiated, as it is a vital instrument for our planet, our societies and our economies.” Meanwhile, the energy transition will continue, including in the United States. Wind energy exceeds Texas coal, which produces more wind energy than anywhere else in the United States. Texas is part of a global trend. Renewable energy now accounts for one third of the world`s energy capacity. The market has changed considerably since the Kyoto Protocol. The report collects government and regional data from 62 countries around the world, representing $12.9 trillion of GDP, or 17% of the world economy, and producing the equivalent of 3.1 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide, more than India and Canada combined. Seven other states signed the Paris Agreement but did not ratify it.

On November 4, 2019, the United States informed the custodian of its withdrawal from the agreement, which will take effect exactly one year after that date. [30] This year, the number of governments involved in the pact has increased by more than 40%, with nearly 1,300 sectoral measures to combat climate change that will reduce per capita carbon intensity by about 65% by 2050, from nearly 10 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per person to less than four. Like the Paris Agreement, the Pact encourages states to strengthen their ambitions over time and will continue to produce annual reports. The results are mixed. The alliance has grown impressively, with eight countries last year: 24 states and Puerto Rico are now committed to meeting the Paris targets. These countries are reducing emissions much faster than countries outside the Alliance, according to the report.

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